Objective: To examine the knowledge and practice of antibiotic use among mothers of children under 5 years old with acute respiratory infection at Dong Hung General Hospital - Thai Binh province in 2020.
Method: Cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 97 mothers of children under 5 years old with acute respiratory infections treated at Dong Hung General Hospital from March to June 2020.
Results: The proportion of mothers having knowledge of using antibiotics was 34%. Average score of knowledge on using antibiotics of mothers was 7.85 ± 4.05 out of the total score of 18. The rate of mothers who practiced using antibiotics was 43.3%. The mothers’ average score of antibiotic use was 6.3 ± 2.09 out of a total score of 12. The results of mother knowledge indicated that only 22.7% knew antibiotics were not used to treat viral infections. 28.5% reported that not all cases of fever should use antibiotics, 60.8% of mothers indicated that they should give antibiotics to their children according to the previous prescription if the child got sick with the same symptoms as the previous one. 85.6% of the participants reported that they bought antibiotics according to the sellers’ suggestion and shared antibiotics with their relatives.
Conclusion: Mothers’ knowledge and practice on antibiotic use were limited. Therefore, it is essential to promote maternal health education on the proper use of antibiotics, which health care providers were main responsible.
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