Objectives: To describe quality of life (QOL) and to examine factors related to QOL among patients with type 2 diabetes at Endocrine Hospital of Yen Bai province in 2020.
Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted to collect data from 275 type 2 diabetes patients at outpatient department at Endocrine Hospital of Yen Bai province from September 2019 to May 2020. Data were collected by using self-determination questionnaire, including SF-36 questionnaire (QOL scale).
Results:The QOL score was 62.25 ± 0.8 points; and the average QOL scores in the eight health domains of SF-36 ranged from 46.74 to 73.21 points. The study was identifies the factors that negatively affect the quality of care as age (ß = -0.445) when the patient is 1 year older, the QOL decreases by 0.445 points; The HbA1c index (ß = -0.164) increased by 1%, the QOL decreased by 0.164 points. The occurrence of complications, in which foot complications (ß = -0.144) and renal complications (ß = -0.093) QOL were lower than those for hypertension. Female (ß = -0.139) have lower QOL than male. QOL of patients with the other disease were lower than those without. These differences are statistically significant with p <0.05.
Conclusion: Using SF-36 questionnaires in this research to describe the current state of QOL and identify factors affecting the physical health and mental health of QOL; In order to improve the QOL for patients with type 2 diabetes, it is necessary to pay attention to help the patients relieve anxiety, sadness and fatigue. In addition, healthcare services needs more attention to the elderly, female, and with kidney and/or foot complications to increase the level of QOL in this patient group.
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