Aims: To examine the effectiveness of Family-Based Intervention for suicide prevention in adolescences.
Design: A systematic review. Data sources: Search was performed in MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane library.
Method: Literature search was performed during April to May 2020 using inclusion and exclusion criteria. PRISMA guidelines were followed. Identified records were reviewed by title, abstract and by the full text by main researcher then made a quality assessment of the included studies. Included studies were extracted and synthesized.
Results: In total, 451 articles were retrieved via database searching. Following initial screening, 422 full-text articles were screened, of which six met our inclusion criteria. The review therefore includes findings from six studies which were assessed as high quality. Fivestudies were RCTs and one study was RCTs trial which delivered in both clinical setting and participants’ home. All six studiesreported significantreductioninsuicideideation,self-harm of the teenagers and no completed suicide during the treatment and follow-up period.
Conclusion: Overall all studies were conducted in high-income countries with refer from emergency departments andpsychiatrichospitals.Weidentifiedthat family-based interventions are powerful evidence to reduce suicidal ideation and self-harm for adolescences. Implication: This study ensured rigorous methodology, followed PRISMA recommendations and evaluated quality of identified literature using Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool guidelines. A critical synthesis was performed to produce a conceptualization of evidence. The synthesis represents effective family interventions for suicide prevention of adolescence with suicide risk.
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